VOLVO ENGINES SPECIFICATIONS AND REPAIR VOLVO Engines Specifications

You will find here the description, specifications and tune-up specifications of the different engines used in VOLVO passenger cars. The same engines are sometime found in boats and machinery, but the specs are not included here.

Click on engine name in the left column to view complete specifications

ID Years # cyl CC Variations
B4b 1947-1955 4 cyl    
B14 1955-1957 4 cyl 1.4 L
  • B14A: dual SU H2 carburetors version
B16 1958-1961 4 cyl 1.6 L
  • B16A: single carburetor, low compression version
  • B16D: single carburetor, high compression version
  • B16B: dual SU H4 carburetors version
B17 1976-1985 4 cyl 1.7 L
  • B17A: single carburetor version
B18 1962-1968 4 cyl 1.8 L
  • B18A: single carburetor version
  • B18D: dual SU HS6 carburetors, low compression version
  • B18B: dual SU HS6 carburetors, high compression version
B19 1976-1985 4 cyl 1.9 L
  • B19A: single carburetor version
  • B19E: fuel injection high compression version
B20 1969-1975 4 cyl 2.0 L
  • B20A: single carburetor version
  • B20B: dual carburetors version
  • B20E: fuel injection, high compression version
  • B20F: fuel injection, low compression version sold in the USA.
B21 1976-1985 4 cyl 2.1 L
  • B21A: single carburetor version
  • B21E: fuel injection high compression version
  • B21F: fuel injection low compression version for US market
  • B21ET, B21FT: fuel injection TURBO charged version
B23 1976-1985 4 cyl 2.3 L
  • B23A: single carburetor version
  • B23E: fuel injection high compression version
  • B23F: fuel injection low compression version for US market
  • B23FT: fuel injection TURBO charged version
B27 1975-1979 6 cyl 2.7 L
  • B27F: fuel injection low compression version for US market
B28 1980-1986 6 cyl 2.8 L
  • B28F: fuel injection low compression version for US market
B30 1969-1975 6 cyl 3.0 L
  • B30A: dual carburetor version
  • B30E: fuel injection high compression version
  • B30F: fuel injection low compression version for USA market
B200 1985-1995 4 cyl 2.0 L
  • B200K: single carburetor version
  • B200E: fuel injection high compression version
B230 1985-1995 4 cyl 2.3 L
  • B230A,B230K: single carburetor version
  • B230E: fuel injection high compression version
  • B230F: fuel injection low compression version
  • B230FT: fuel injection TURBO charged version
B234 1985-1995 4 cyl 2.3 L
  • B234F: fuel injection 16 VALVES version of the B230
B280 1987-1990 6 cyl 2.8 L
  • B280F: fuel injection low compression version for US market
B6304S 1992-1998 6 cyl 3.0 L
  • B6304S engine used in the 960, S90, V90
B5252      
  • B5252S engine used on early 850 for Canadian market only
B5254      
  • B5254S 168hp non-turbo version
  • B5254T 190hp low pressure Turbo version
B5234      
  • B5234T 220hp high pressure Turbo version
  • B5234TR 240hp high pressure Turbo version with increased boost
D24 1981-1986 6 cyl 2.4 L
  • D24: Diesel engine made by Volkswagen
  • D24T: Turbo Diesel engine made by Volkswagen

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B4b Description
  • Used from 1947 to 1955 in the 444 Series
  • 1.4 liters
  • 4 cylinders in line
  • Overhead valves
  • 6 Volts electrical system
  • Firing order 1-3-4-2 clockwise
  • Oil capacity with filter:

General Specifications

Engine Year CC Fuel System HP (SAE) @RPM LB-ft (SAE) @RPM CR
B4b 1947-1953 1.414 Carter 44        
B4b 1954-1955 1.414 Zenith 44        

Tune-Up Specifications

Engine Year Idle RPM Spark Plugs Type Plug Gap (in.) Dwell Angle (Deg) Breaker Point Gap (in.) Timing BTDC @ 1500 RPM Valve Clearance Hot or Cold Warm Cranking Compression (PSI)
B4b 1947-1955                
B14 VOLVO B4B ENGINE

Description

  • Used from 1955 to 1957 in the 444 Sport and P1900
  • 1.4 liters
  • 4 cylinders in line
  • Overhead valves
  • B14A: dual SU H2 carburetors version
  • 6 Volts electrical system
  • Firing order 1-3-4-2 clockwise
  • Oil capacity with filter: 3.75 liters (8 US pints)

General Specifications

Engine Year CC Fuel System HP (SAE) @RPM LB-ft (SAE) @RPM CR
B14A 1955-1957 1.414 2 x SU H2 70 5500 75.9 3000 7.8

Tune-Up Specifications

Engine Year Idle RPM Spark Plugs Type Plug Gap (in.) Dwell Angle (Deg) Breaker Point Gap (in.) Timing BTDC @ 1500 RPM Valve Clearance Hot or Cold Warm Cranking Compression (PSI)
B14A 1955-1957 550 Champion Y4A/J6 0.028-0.032 47 0.018-0.022 20 0.020 142-156
B16 VOLVO B16 ENGINE

Description

  • Used from 1957 to 1961 in the 444, 544 and 120 Series
  • 1.6 liters
  • 4 cylinders in line
  • Overhead valves
  • B16A: single carburetor, low compression version
  • B16D: single carburetor, high compression version
  • B16B: dual SU H4 carburetors version
  • 6 Volts electrical system
  • Firing order 1-3-4-2 clockwise
  • Oil capacity with filter: 3.5 liters (7.5 US pints)

General Specifications

Engine Year CC Fuel System HP (SAE) @RPM LB-ft (SAE) @RPM CR
B16A 1957-1960 1582 Zenith 34VN 66 4500 85.4 2500 7.4
B16D 1957-1960 1582 Zenith 34VN 72 5500 86.1 2600 8.2
B16B 1957-1961 1582 2 x SU H4 85 5500 86.8 3500 8.2

Tune-Up Specifications

Engine Year Idle RPM Spark Plugs Type Plug Gap (in.) Dwell Angle (Deg) Breaker Point Gap (in.) Timing BTDC @ 1500 RPM Valve Clearance Hot or Cold Warm Cranking Compression (PSI)
B16A 1956-1960 500 Bosch W175T3 0.028-0.032 47-53 0.016-0.020 21 0.016 Intake 0.018 Exhaust 135-150
B16D 1957-1961 500 Bosch W225T3 0.028-0.032 47-53 0.016-0.020 21 0.020 142-156
B16B 1957-1961 550 Bosch W225T3 0.028-0.032 47-53 0.016-0.020 21 0.020 142-156
B18 VOLVO B18 ENGINE

Description

  • Used from 1961 to 1968 in the 544, 120, 1800 and 140 Series
  • Different design from its B16 predecessor, but very similar to the later B20 and most parts are interchangeable.
  • 1.8 liters
  • 4 cylinders in line
  • Overhead valves
  • B18A: single carburetor version
  • B18D: dual SU HS6 carburetors, low compression version
  • B18B: dual SU HS6 carburetors, high compression version
  • 12 Volts electrical system with generator
  • Firing order 1-3-4-2 Anti-clockwise
  • Oil capacity with filter: 3.75 liters (8 US pints)

General Specifications

Engine Year CC Fuel System HP (SAE) @RPM LB-ft (SAE) @RPM CR
B18A 1962-1964 1778 Zenith 36VN 75 4500 101 2800 8.5
  1965-1968 1778 ZS 175-CD2-S 85 5000 108 3000 8.7
B18B 1961-1963 1778 2 x SU HS6 100 5500 108 4000 9.5
  1964-1966 1778 2 x SU HS6 108 5800 110 4000 10
  1967-1968 1778 2 x SU HS6 115 6000 112 4000 10
B18D 1961-1963 1778 2 x SU HS6 90 5000 105 3500 8.5
  1964-1966 1778 2 x SU HS6 95 5400 107 3800 8.7
  1967 1778 2 x SU HS6 100 5700 108 3500 8.7

Tune-Up Specifications

Engine Year Idle RPM Spark Plugs Type Plug Gap (in.) Dwell Angle (Deg) Breaker Point Gap (in.) Timing BTDC @ 1500 RPM Valve Clearance Hot or Cold Warm Cranking Compression (PSI)
B18A 1962-1964 500-700 Bosch W175T1 0.028-0.032 59-65 0.016-0.020 21-23 0.016-0.018 156-185
  1965-1968 600-700 Bosch W175T1 0.028-0.032 59-65 0.016-0.020 21-23 0.016-0.018 156-185
B18B 1961-1963 600-800 Bosch W200T35 0.028-0.032 59-65 0.016-0.020 17-19 0.020-0.022 170-200
  1964-1966 600-800 Bosch W200T35 0.028-0.032 59-65 0.016-0.020 17-19 0.020-0.022 170-200
  1967-1968 600-800 Bosch W200T35 0.028-0.032 59-65 0.016-0.020 17-19 0.020-0.022 170-200
B18D 1961-1963 500-700 Bosch W175T1 0.028-0.032 59-65 0.016-0.020 22-24 0.016-0.018 156-185
  1964-1966 500-700 Bosch W175T1 0.028-0.032 59-65 0.016-0.020 17-19 0.016-0.018 156-185
  1967 500-700 Bosch W175T1 0.028-0.032 59-65 0.016-0.020 17-19 0.016-0.018 156-185
B20

VOLVO B20 ENGINE VOLVO 1800E B20E engine shown

Description

  • Used from 1969 to 1975 in the 120, 1800, 140 and 240 Series
  • Same design as its B18 predecessor with a bigger bore, most parts are interchangeable
  • 2.0 liters
  • 4 cylinders in line
  • Overhead valves
  • B20A: single carburetor version
  • B20B: dual carburetors version
  • B20E: fuel injection, high compression version
  • B20F: fuel injection, low compression version sold in the USA. From 1972 all cars sold in the USA had this engine.
  • 12 Volts electrical system with alternator
  • Firing order 1-3-4-2 Anti-clockwise
  • Oil capacity with filter: 3.75 liters (8 US pints)

General Specifications

Engine Year CC Fuel System HP (SAE) @RPM LB-ft (SAE) @RPM CR
B20A 1969 1986 ZS 175-CD2-SE 90 4800 119 3000 8.7
  1970 1986 ZS 175-CD2-SE 90 4800 119 3000 8.7
  1971 1986 ZS 175-CD2-SE 90 4800 119 3000 8.7
B20B 1969 1986 2x175-CD2-SE 118 5800 123 3500 9.5
  1970 1986 2x175-CD2-SE 118 5800 123 3500 9.5
  1971 1986 2 x SU HIF6
2x175-CD2-SE
118 5800 123 3500 9.3
  1972 1986 2 x SU HIF6 97 5800 103 3500 8.7
  1973 1986 2 x SU HIF6 97 5800 103 3500 8.7
  1974 1986 2 x SU HIF6 97 5800 103 3500 8.7
B20E 1970 1986 Bosch D jet 130 6000 130 3500 10.5
  1971 1986 Bosch D jet 130 6000 130 3500 10.5
  1972 1986 Bosch D jet 130 6000 130 3500 10.5
  1973 1986 Bosch D jet 130 6000 130 3500 10.5
B20F 1972 1986 Bosch D jet 107 6000 113 3500 8.7
  1973 1986 Bosch D jet 112 6000 115 3500 8.7
  1974 1986 Bosch K jet 109 5500 115 2500 8.7
  1975 1986 Bosch K jet 98
94 w/ cat
6000 110
105 w/cat
3500 8.7

Tune-Up Specifications

Engine Year Idle RPM Spark Plugs Type Plug Gap (in.) Dwell Angle (Deg) Breaker Point Gap (in.) Timing BTDC Valve Clearance Hot or Cold (in.) Warm Cranking Compression (PSI)
B20A 1971 700 Bosch W175T35 0.028-0.032 59-65 0.016-0.020 22 @ 1500 RPM 0.016-0.018 156-185
B20B 1971 800 Bosch W200T35 0.028-0.032 59-65 0.016-0.020 10 @ 700 RPM 0.020-0.022 170-200
B20E 1971 900 Bosch W225T35 0.028-0.032 59-65 0.016-0.020 10 @ 750 RPM 0.016-0.018 170-200
B20F 1973 900 Bosch W225T35 0.028-0.032 59-65 0.016-0.020 10 @ 700 RPM 0.016-0.018 156-185
  1975 900 Bosch W200T35 0.028-0.032     5 @ 700 RPM 0.016-0.018 156-185
B17
B19
B21
B23
VOLVO B21 AND B23 ENGINEVOLVO 240 Turbo B21FT engine shown

Description

  • Used from 1975 to 1985 in the 240 Series and 760 Series
  • Different design from the B20, its predecessor, most head parts are not interchangeable, but the lower block is mostly the same
  • Displacement: B17 = 1.8 liters, B19= 1.9 liters, B21= 2.1 liters, B23= 2.3liters
  • 4 cylinders in line
  • Overhead camshaft engine
  • B17A,B19A,B21A,B23A: single carburetor version
  • B19E,B21E,B23E: fuel injection high compression version
  • B21F,B23F: fuel injection low compression version for US market
  • B21ET,B21FT,B23FT: fuel injection turbo charged version
  • 12 Volts electrical system
  • Firing order 1-3-4-2 clockwise
  • Oil capacity with filter: 3.85 liters (8.1 US pints)

General Specifications

Engine Year CC Fuel System HP @RPM LB-ft @RPM CR
B17A 1979
1980
1784 SU HIF6 90 5750 97 2500 8.3
  1981-
1984
1784 SU HIF6 90 5500 97 2500 8.3
B19A 1977
1978
1986 SU HIF6 97 5400 116 3200 8.8
  1979-
1984
1986 SU HIF6 90 5000 112 2500 8.5
B19E 1977-
1981
1986 Bosch K jet 117 6000 116 4500 8.8
  1982-
1984
1986 Bosch K jet 117 6000 111 4500 9.2
B21A 1975
1980
2127 ZS 175-CD2-SE 96 5250 121 2500 8.5
  1981 2127 SU HIF6 96 5250 121 2500 8.5
  1982 2127 ZS 175-CD2-SE 102 5250 122 2500 9.3
  1983
1984
2127 ZS 175-CD2-SE 100 5250 122 2500 9.3
B21E 1975-
1983
2127 Bosch K jet 123 5500 125 3500 9.3
B21ET 1981-
1984
2127 Bosch K jet Turbo 155 5500   3750 7.5
B21F 1976
1977
2127 Bosch K jet 102
99 w/cat
5200 114 2500 9.3
  1978 2127 Bosch K jet 104
101 w/cat
5250 117
111 w/cat
2500 9.3
  1979 2127 Bosch K jet 107 USA
111Can
5250 117 USA
120 Can
114 w/cat
2500 9.3
  1980 2127 Bosch K jet 107 USA
111 Can
5250 114 USA
120 Can
2500 9.3
  1981 2127 Bosch K jet 107
99 MPG
5500
5000
114
114 MPG
2500
3000
9.3
  1982 2127 Bosch K jet
Bosch LH 1.0
98
105 LH
5000
5400
112
119 LH
2500
3000
9.3
B21FT 1981 2127 Bosch K jet Turbo 126 5400 150 3750 7.5
  1982 2127 Bosch K jet Turbo 127 5400 150 3750 7.5
  1983 2127 Bosch K jet Turbo 127 5400 150 3750 7.5
  1984 2127 Bosch K jet Turbo
(Intercooler optional)
131 5400 155 3750 7.5
  1985 2127 Bosch K jet Turbo
Intercooler
162 5100 181 3900 7.5
B23A 1983 2315 ZS 175-CD2-SE 112 5000 137 2500 10.3
  1983 2315 ZS 175-CD2-SE 106 5000 132 2500 9.0
B23E 1978-
1980
2315 Bosch K jet 140 5750 141 4500 10.3
  1981 2315 Bosch K jet 136 5500 135 4500 10.0
  1982 2315 Bosch K jet 136 5500 137 4500 10.0
  1983 2315 Bosch K jet 136
115 Can
5500 137
133 Can
4500
3000
10.0
10.3
B23F 1983 2315 Bosch LH 2.0 107 5400 127 3500 10.3
  1984 2315 Bosch LH 2.0 113 std
114 auto
5400 136
133
2750
3500
9.5
10.3
B23FT 1983
1984
2315 Bosch LH 2.0 Turbo 157 5300 184 2900 8.7

Tune-Up Specifications

Engine Year Idle RPM Spark Plugs Type Plug Gap (in.) Dwell Angle (Deg) Breaker Point Gap (in.) Timing BTDC @ RPM Valve Clearance Cold Warm Cranking Compression (PSI)
B17A 1979-
1984
  W7DC 0.030     12@900    
B19A 1977   W7DC 0.030     15@750    
  1978-
1980
  W7DC 0.030     12@750    
  1981-
1984
  W7DC 0.030     10@750    
B19E 1977-
1983
  W6DC 0.030     8@750    
  1984   W6DC 0.030     10@750    
B21A 1979 900 W7DC 0.030 59-65 0.016 10@750 0.014 - 0.016 128-156
  1980
1981
900 W7DC 0.030 59-65 0.016 12@750 0.014 - 0.016 128-156
  1982 900 W7DC 0.030 59-65 0.016 10@750 0.014 - 0.016 128-156
  1983 900 W7DC 0.030 59-65 0.016 7@750 0.014 - 0.016 128-156
  1984 900 W7DC 0.030 59-65 0.016 12@750 0.014 - 0.016 128-156
B21E 1975
1983
900 W6DC 0.030     8@750    
B21ET 1981
1984
900 W6DC 0.030     15@750    
B21F 1976 900 W200T30 0.030     15@700 0.014 - 0.016  
  1977
1978
900 W175T30 0.030     12@750 US
15@750
0.014 - 0.016  
  1979 900 WR7DS 0.030     10@750 8@750 California 0.014 - 0.016  
  1980 900 WR7DS 0.030     8@750 10@750 Can 0.014 - 0.016  
  1981 900 WR7DS 0.030     8@750
8@900 Calif
12@750 MPG
0.014 - 0.016  
  1982 900 WR7DS 0.030     8@750
8@900 Calif
12@750 MPG
0.014 - 0.016  
B21FT 1981-
1985
900 WR7DS 0.030     12@900 0.014 - 0.016  
B23A 1983 900 W7DC 0.030     5@750    
B23E 1978
1982
900 W6DC 0.030     5@750 0.014 - 0.016  
  1983 900 W6DC 0.030     5@750
10@750 Can
0.014 - 0.016  
  1984 900 W6DC 0.030     10@750 0.014 - 0.016  
B23F 1983
1984
750 WR7DS 0.030     12@750 0.014 - 0.016  
B23FT 1983-
1984
750 WR7DC 0.030     12@750 0.014 - 0.016  
B200
B230
B234

VOLVO B230 AND B234 ENGINEVOLVO 240 B230F 1991 shown

Description

  • Used from 1985 to 1995 in the 240,740, 940, 760 Turbo
  • Similar design to the earlier B21 and B23, most parts are interchangeable.
  • B230= 2.3litres
  • 4 cylinders in line
  • Overhead camshaft engine
  • B200K,B230A,B230K: single carburetor version
  • B200E,B230E: fuel injection high compression version
  • B230F: fuel injection low compression version
  • B230FT: fuel injection turbo charged version
  • B234: fuel injection 16 valves version
  • 12 Volts electrical system
  • Firing order 1-3-4-2 clockwise
  • Oil capacity with filter: 3.85 liters (8.1 US pints) more on Turbo engine with oil cooler

General Specifications

Engine Year CC Fuel System HP (SAE) @RPM LB-ft (SAE) @RPM CR
B200E 1985-
1986
  Bosch K jet 117 6000 117 3000 10
B200K 1985-
1986
  Solex-Cisac 101 5400 118 2400 10
B200K 1985-
1986
  Solex-Cisac 98 5400 118 2400 8.5
B230A 1985-
1986
2316 Pierburg DVG 175CDSU 110 5000 138 2500 10.3
B230E 1985-
1986
2316 Bosch K jet 131 5400 140 3600 10.3
B230ET   2316 Bosch Motronic Turbo          
B230F 1985-
1988
2316 Bosch LH 2.2 114 5400 136 2750 9.8
B230F 1989-
1993
2316 Bosch LH 2.4 114 5400 136 2750 9.8
B230F 1991-
1995
2316 Bosch LH 3.1 114 5400 136 2750 9.8
B230FT 1985-
1989
2316 Bosch LH 2.2 Turbo 160 5300 187 2900 8.7
B230FT 1990-
1995
2316 N.A. 162 4800 195 3450 -
B230K   2316 Pierburg 2B5          
B234F 1989-
1992
2316 Bosch LH jet 153 5400 150 4450  

Tune-Up Specifications

Engine Year Idle RPM Spark Plugs Type Plug Gap (in.) Timing BTDC @ RPM Valve Clearance Cold Warm Cranking Compression (PSI)
B200E 1985-
1986
  W6DC 0.030 10@ 0.014 - 0.016  
B200K 1985-
1986
  W7DC 0.030 7@ 0.014 - 0.016  
B230A 1985-
1986
  W7DC 0.030 7@ 0.014 - 0.016  
B230E 1985-
1986
  W6DC 0.030 10@ 0.014 - 0.016  
B230F 1985-
1989
750 WR7DC 0.030 12@750 0.014 - 0.016  
B230FT 1985-
1989
750 WR7DC 0.026 12@750 0.014 - 0.016  
B30 Description
  • Used from 1969 to 1975 in the 164 Series
  • Same basic design as the B18 and B20 with 2 more pistons, many parts are interchangeable.
  • 3.0 liters
  • 6 cylinders in line
  • Overhead valves
  • B30A: dual carburetor version
  • B30E: fuel injection high compression version
  • B30F: fuel injection low compression version for USA market
  • 12 Volts electrical system
  • Firing order 1-5-3-6-2-4 clockwise
  • Oil capacity with filter: 6 liters (12.6 US pints)

General Specifications

Engine Year CC Fuel System HP (SAE) @RPM LB-ft (SAE) @RPM CR
B30A 1969 2982 2x175-CD2-SE 145 5500 163 3000 9.3
  1970 2982 2x175-CD2-SE 145 5500 163 3000 9.3
  1971 2982 2x175-CD2-SE 145 5500 163 3000 9.3
  1972 2982 2x175-CD2-SE 145 5000 163 3000 9.3
B30A USA 1972 2982 2x175-CD2-SE 120 5000 142 3000 8.7
B30E 1972 2982 Bosch D jet 175 5800 178 2500 10
  1973 2982 Bosch D jet 160 5500 170 2500 10
  1974 2982 Bosch D jet 160 5500 170 2500 10
  1975 2982 Bosch D jet 160 5500 170 2500 10
B30F 1973 2982 Bosch D jet 138 5500 154 3500 8.7
  1974 2982 Bosch D jet 145 5500 160 2500 8.7
  1975 2982 Bosch D jet 130 5500 150 3500 8.7

Tune-Up Specifications

Engine Year Idle RPM Spark Plugs Type Plug Gap (in.) Dwell Angle (Deg) Breaker Point Gap (in.) Timing BTDC @ RPM Valve Clearance Cold Warm Cranking Compression (PSI)
B30A 1969-1972 900 Bosch W200T35 0.028-0.032 40 0.01 10@700 0.020-0.022 142-170
B30A USA 1969-1972 900 Bosch W200T35 0.028-0.032 42 0.01 10@700 0.020-0.022 128-156
B30E 1972 900 Bosch W200T35 0.028-0.032 42 0.01 10@700 0.020-0.022 156-185
  1973-1975 900 Bosch W225T35 0.028-0.032 42 0.01 10@750 0.020-0.022 128-156
B30F 1973-1975 900 Bosch W200T35 0.028-0.032 42 0.01 10@700 0.020-0.022 128-156
B6304S Description
  • Used from 1992 to 1998 in the 960 Model, this includes the S90 and V90.
  • 3.0 liters
  • 6 cylinders
  • Dual Overhead camshaft
  • B6304S
  • Firing order 1-5-3-6-2-4 clockwise
  • Oil capacity with filter:

General Specifications

Engine Year CC Fuel System HP (SAE) @RPM LB-ft (SAE) @RPM CR
B6304S 1992
1998
3000 Bosch Motronic 201 6000 197 4300 -

Tune-Up Specifications

Engine Year Idle RPM Spark Plugs Type Plug Gap (in.) Dwell Angle (Deg) Breaker Point Gap (in.) Timing BTDC @ RPM Valve Clearance Cold Warm Cranking Compression (PSI)
B6304S 1992-1998 - - - - - - - -
B5252 Description
  • Available in Canada from 1993 to 1997 in the 850 Base Model
  • It is a low power engine for fuel economy and simplicity
  • 2.4 liters
  • 5 cylinders
  • Single Overhead camshaft
  • 2 valves per cylinder, 10 valves total
  • Firing order 1-2-4-5-3, number 1 piston on the timing belt side
  • Oil capacity with filter: 6.1 quarts

General Specifications

Engine Year CC Fuel System HP (SAE) @RPM LB-ft (SAE) @RPM CR
B5252S 1993
1997
2400 Fenix 5.2 138 5400 152 3600 10:1

Tune-Up Specifications

Engine Year Idle RPM Spark Plugs Type Plug Gap (in.) Valve Clearance Cold Warm Cranking Compression (PSI)
B5252S 1993-1997 850 Bosch FR 6 DC 0.028 - 185 to 213
B5254 Description
  • Used from 1993 on the 850, S70 and V70 models
  • 2.4 liters
  • 5 cylinders
  • Double Overhead Camshaft (DOHC)
  • Aluminium block, crankshaft and connected rod made of forged vanadium
  • Electronic ignition with knock sensor
  • Self diagnosis system, from 1996 the OBD-II system is used
  • 4 valves per cylinder, 20 valves total
  • Firing order 1-2-4-5-3, number 1 piston on the timing belt side
  • Oil capacity with filter: 6.1 quarts (7.0 quarts on Turbo when oil cooler is drained)
  • B5254S is the non-Turbo version giving 168hp. This engine is fond on base models.
  • B5254T is a low pressure Turbo version giving 190hp. This engine is found on many models including the GLT and AWD.
  • 3 different fuel injection systems were installed depending on the year, model and market
  • Bosch LH Jet 3.2 fuel injection with EZ-129K ignition system
  • Motronic 4.3
  • Motronic 4.4

General Specifications

Engine Year CC Fuel System HP (SAE) @RPM LB-ft (SAE) @RPM CR
B5254T 1993-1997 2400 Bosch LH 3.2
Motronic 4.3
Motronic 4.4
190 5100 199 1800 9.0:1
B5254S 1993
1997
2400 Bosch LH 3.2
Motronic 4.3
Motronic 4.4
168 6200 162 3300 10.5:1

Tune-Up Specifications

Engine Year Idle RPM Spark Plugs Type Plug Gap (in.) Timing BTDC @ RPM Valve Clearance Cold Warm Cranking Compression (PSI)
B5254T 1993-1997 850 Champion RC7GYC 0.028 not adjustable - 156 to 185
B5254S 1993-1997 850 Bosch FR 6 DC 0.028 not adjustable - 185 to 213

 

B5234

VOLVO B5234 ENGINE

Description

  • Used from 1993 on the 850, S70 and V70 Turbo, T5, T5R and R models
  • 2.3 liters
  • 5 cylinders
  • Double Overhead Camshaft (DOHC)
  • Aluminium block, crankshaft and connected rod made of forged vanadium
  • Electronic ignition with knock sensor
  • Self diagnosis system, from 1996 the OBD-II system is used
  • 4 valves per cylinder, 20 valves total
  • Firing order 1-2-4-5-3, number 1 piston on the timing belt side
  • Oil capacity with filter: 7.0 quarts on Turbo when oil cooler is drained
  • B5234T is the high pressure Turbo model giving 222hp. This engine is found on Turbo and T5 models.
  • B5234TR has the maximum boost limit increased for 7 seconds, from 9.6 lb/in to 10.9 lb/in.This give a power of 240hp on cars with automatic transmission and 250hp on cars with a standard manual transmission. This engine is found on T5R and R models.
  • 2 different fuel injection systems were installed depending on the year
  • Motronic 4.3
  • Motronic 4.4

General Specifications

Engine Year CC Fuel System HP (SAE) @RPM LB-ft (SAE) @RPM CR
B5234T 1993-1997 2300 Motronic 4.3
Motronic 4.4
222 5200 221 2100 8.5:1
B5234TR 1993-
1997
2300 Motronic 4.3
Motronic 4.4

240 auto
250 std

5200 221 2100 8.5:1

Tune-Up Specifications

Engine Year Idle RPM Spark Plugs Type Plug Gap (in.) Timing BTDC @ RPM Valve Clearance Cold Warm Cranking Compression (PSI)
B5234T
B5234TR
1993-1997 850 Champion RC7GYC 0.028 not adjustable - 156 to 185

 

B27
B28
B280

Description

  • B27 used from 1975 to 1979 in the 260 models
  • B28 used from 1980 to 1986 in the 260 and 760 models
  • B280 used from 1986 to 1990 on the 760 and 780 models
  • V design done in partnership with Peugot and Renault. Engine named PVR 6 (Peugot, Volvo, Renault). This engine was used in the De Lorean sports car among others.
  • Displacement: B27 = 2.66 liters, B28= 2.85 liters
  • 6 cylinders, V6
  • Overhead 2 camshafts, 12 valves, timing chain
  • B27F,B28F: fuel injection low compression version for US market
  • B280F fuel injection low compression version for US market
  • 12 Volts electrical system
  • Firing order 1-6-3-5-2-4 clockwise
  • Oil capacity with filter: B27&B28 = 6.5 liters (6.9 US qts), B280 = 6.0 liters (6.3 US qts)

General Specifications

Engine Year CC Fuel System HP (SAE) @RPM LB-ft (SAE) @RPM CR
B27F 1975-1979 2660 Bosch K jet 127 5500 146 2750 8.8:1
B28F 1980-1986 2850 Bosch K jet

130

5500 153 2750 8.8:1
B280F 1986-1990 2.850 Bosch LH 2.2 145 5100 173 3750 9.5:1

Tune-Up Specifications

Engine Year Idle RPM Spark Plugs Type Plug Gap (in.) Timing BTDC @ RPM Valve Clearance Cold Warm Cranking Compression (PSI)
B27F
B28F
1975-1986 850 Bosch HR 6 DS 0.028 10@750 0.1-0.15mm inlet
0.25-0.3mm exhaust
 
B280F 1986-1990   Bosch HR 6 DC 0.026 16@750 (not adjustable) 0.1-0.15mm inlet
0.25-0.3mm exhaust
 

 

D24
D24T

Description

  • D24 diesel engine used on the Volvo 240 Diesel from 1981 to 1985, and Volvo 260 Diesel from 1980 to 1982.
  • D24T Turbo diesel engine used on the 760 Turbo Diesel from 1983 to 1985, 740 Turbo Diesel 1986.
  • Statements above are for the North American market only. The diesel engine is much more common in other markets.
  • In-line 6 cylinder
  • Engine designed and built by Volkswagen for Volvo
  • Displacement 2.383 liter
  • Overhead camshaft, 12 valves
  • 12 Volts electrical system
  • Firing order 1-5-3-6-2-4 clockwise
  • Oil capacity with filter: 7 liters (7.4 US qts)

General Specifications

Engine Year CC Fuel System HP (SAE) @RPM LB-ft (SAE) @RPM CR
D24 1981-1985 2383 Pump Bosch VE6/10 F 2400 L-32 78Bhp 4800 102 3000 23.0:1
D24T 1983-1986 2383  

 

       

Tune-Up Specifications

 

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